The Dice of Health – A game of craps

My uber focus for the last few years has been on the microbiome. The reasons are simple: relatively rich amount of data to work from, detail tests can be done without a Physician’s Order, and treatment can often be done without a prescription.

In no way am I saying that the microbiome is the complete picture. It is simply the easiest to doddle in.

The analogy of a dice is good to get the entire picture. Actually two dice … because often you feel like crap as a result of a roll of the die in the craps game of life.

Some Sides of The Die

The following are the sides that come quickly into mind, they are likely more

  1. SNP/DNA issues. Many conditions have associations with specific DNA mutations.
  2. Infections (Past or Present)
  3. Environment
  4. Minerals
  5. Vitamins
  6. Organic Acid and Other Metabolites
  7. Microbiome
  8. Epigenetics

Chances are that a condition will develop when two (or more) die are rolled with bad values

Worked Example

I am using Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) / Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) because I am most familar with the existing literature. The same can be done for many other conditions – for example Autism.


A few examples of findings

Infections (Current or Past)

Side Note: Many cancers are associated with specific virial infections.



This can be a function of environment, diet, water quality.


Organic Acid and Other Metabolites

Within this, stomach acid and blood pH is included.


A quick copy and paste. For many other conditions, see this page.

πŸ““ Potential role of microbiome in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelits (CFS/ME).
Scientific reports (Sci Rep ) Vol: 11 Issue 1 Pages: 7043
Pub: 2021 Mar 29 Epub: 2021 Mar 29 Authors Lupo GFD , Rocchetti G , Lucini L , Lorusso L , Manara E , Bertelli M , Puglisi E , Capelli E ,
Summary Html Article Publication
πŸ““ Gut Microbiota Interventions With <i>Clostridium butyricum</i> and Norfloxacin Modulate Immune Response in Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis Mice.
Frontiers in immunology (Front Immunol ) Vol: 10 Issue Pages: 1662
Pub: 2019 Epub: 2019 Jul 23 Authors Chen H , Ma X , Liu Y , Ma L , Chen Z , Lin X , Si L , Ma X , Chen X ,
Summary Html Article Publication
πŸ““ Correction to: Open-label pilot for treatment targeting gut dysbiosis in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome: neuropsychological symptoms and sex comparisons.
Journal of translational medicine (J Transl Med ) Vol: 16 Issue 1 Pages: 39
Pub: 2018 Feb 23 Epub: 2018 Feb 23 Authors Wallis A , Ball M , Butt H , Lewis DP , McKechnie S , Paull P , Jaa-Kwee A , Bruck D ,
Summary Html Article Publication
πŸ““ Potential role of dengue virus, chikungunya virus and Zika virus in neurological diseases.
Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz ) Vol: 113 Issue 11 Pages: e170538
Pub: 2018 Oct 29 Epub: 2018 Oct 29 Authors Vieira MADCES , Costa CHN , Linhares ADC , Borba AS , Henriques DF , Silva EVPD , Tavares FN , Batista FMA , GuimarΓ£es HCL , Martins LC , Monteiro TAF , Cruz ACR , Azevedo RDSDS , Vasconcelos PFDC ,
Summary Html Article Publication
πŸ““ Human Gut-Derived Commensal Bacteria Suppress CNS Inflammatory and Demyelinating Disease.
Cell reports (Cell Rep ) Vol: 20 Issue 6 Pages: 1269-1277
Pub: 2017 Aug 8 Epub: Authors Mangalam A , Shahi SK , Luckey D , Karau M , Marietta E , Luo N , Choung RS , Ju J , Sompallae R , Gibson-Corley K , Patel R , Rodriguez M , David C , Taneja V , Murray J ,
Summary Html Article Publication
πŸ““ Fecal metagenomic profiles in subgroups of patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome.
Microbiome (Microbiome ) Vol: 5 Issue 1 Pages: 44
Pub: 2017 Apr 26 Epub: 2017 Apr 26 Authors Nagy-Szakal D , Williams BL , Mishra N , Che X , Lee B , Bateman L , Klimas NG , Komaroff AL , Levine S , Montoya JG , Peterson DL , Ramanan D , Jain K , Eddy ML , Hornig M , Lipkin WI ,
Summary Html Article Publication
πŸ““ A Pair of Identical Twins Discordant for Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Differ in Physiological Parameters and Gut Microbiome Composition.
The American journal of case reports (Am J Case Rep ) Vol: 17 Issue Pages: 720-729
Pub: 2016 Oct 10 Epub: 2016 Oct 10 Authors Giloteaux L , Hanson MR , Keller BA ,
Summary Html Article
πŸ““ Support for the Microgenderome: Associations in a Human Clinical Population.
Scientific reports (Sci Rep ) Vol: 6 Issue Pages: 19171
Pub: 2016 Jan 13 Epub: 2016 Jan 13 Authors Wallis A , Butt H , Ball M , Lewis DP , Bruck D ,
Summary Html Article Publication
πŸ““ Chronic fatigue syndrome patients have alterations in their oral microbiome composition and function.
PloS one (PLoS One ) Vol: 13 Issue 9 Pages: e0203503
Pub: 2018 Epub: 2018 Sep 11 Authors Wang T , Yu L , Xu C , Pan K , Mo M , Duan M , Zhang Y , Xiong H ,
Summary Publication Publication
πŸ““ Gut-associated lymphoid tissue, gut microbes and susceptibility to experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
Beneficial microbes (Benef Microbes ) Vol: 7 Issue 3 Pages: 363-73
Pub: 2016 Jun Epub: 2016 Feb 3 Authors Stanisavljevic S , Lukic J , Momcilovic M , Miljkovic M , Jevtic B , Kojic M , Golic N , Mostarica Stojkovic M , Miljkovic D ,
Summary Publication Publication
πŸ““ Increased d-lactic Acid intestinal bacteria in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome.
In vivo (Athens, Greece) (In Vivo ) Vol: 23 Issue 4 Pages: 621-8
Pub: 2009 Jul-Aug Epub: Authors Sheedy JR , Wettenhall RE , Scanlon D , Gooley PR , Lewis DP , McGregor N , Stapleton DI , Butt HL , DE Meirleir KL ,


This is where an event, like stress, causes the behavior of DNA to change. Your DNA is the same, just a “switch” is turned on or off.

Going Forward with Treatment

My attitude is evidence based action with testable models. If you walk into a physician’s office, it is unlikely that they will be aware with the many sides of the dice. Usually, they want simple “follow the recipe book” cases where what to do is clear.

For myself, I had the luxury of unbelievable, unlimited, medical coverage for a few years. I found some of the DNA issues, and to quote a physician “You are extremely lucky with that mutation, it is very treatable” — I became a piracetam addict when needed. Most people do not have that luxury.

Looking at 8 items above, I ask the same question:

  • Is it objective measurable?
    • Can you get the test (willing MD, cost)
  • Is it treatable?
    • Do we have actual clinical studies showing treatment is effective?
      • Is the treatment just symptom relief or remission?
    • What are the risk of side-effects?

If getting information from a test is not clearly actionable, then it does not help with treatment and not worth the expense. Testing for testing sake is a luxury for the rich.

My Criteria in evaluating new proposed models. “

Many people will advocate that just one of these 8 sides of the die needs to be done for a cure. IMHO, if the model does not address most of these factors, it is likely to work for only a few.

For me, the Microbiome model appears the best to use.

  • Microbiome tests are cheap and do not require a MD to be involved — Objective
  • We have hundreds of studies showing substances alters the microbiome
  • Risk of side-effects with non-prescription items is low

And it is connected to the other factors above well.

  • Many of the organic acid and metabolites are produced by the microbiome. Thus correcting the microbiome is likely to resolve this I compute many of these using Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes data.
  • Vitamins and Mineral absorption is deeply influences by the microbiome too!

If you have DNA information, for example on your methylation, this impacts your microbiome and the reverse. Being tested for DNA SNPs that does not have effective treatment is a waste of money. The individual’s microbiome is greatly influenced by their DNA. They co-exist and co-operate. In some cases, the microbiome bacteria can produce anticoagulants and fibrinolytics which can counter some coagulation issues.


Over the last 30 years, I have constantly seen people proposing this model or that model. Usually the model is focusing on a single aspect of one the die sides above. For ME/CFS, it was the search for an occult virus that was the root cause of this condition. This often comes out of a need to reduce to the simple in whatever specialty that the researcher or physician is trained in. The wages of over-specialization in modern medicine. Be wary of any model that does not offer a concrete explanation for all of the laboratory results in the literature. Often models will cherry-pick studies and ignore the majority of other studies, or do vague hand waving.

The cause is almost never just one of the above factors, but typically many.

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