I am currently working with BiomeSight.com to add Taxon numbers to their downloadable reports.
At first sight, this should be easy, the sample of their complete taxonomy looks like this:
The problem is that their software have forced items into an unnatural structure to make presentation easy. An item that is under Class — when you go to NCBI Taxonomy Browser may be listed as:
The result is that many many items have to be resolve by manual inspection of NCBI to find the apparent match and individually assigned. Example below, notice the “Group II” item which required working from existing matches for a line to identify probable candidates.
Update [MicrobiomeSight] Set OID=2731342 Where [Order]='Group II'
Update [MicrobiomeSight] Set OID=1643688 Where [Order]='Leptospirae'
Other issues concern differences of spelling and renaming, i.e. Cerasicoccales vs Cerasicoccus that was found….
While NCBI shows
We have a possible old/atypical name being used which obtuficates reports. This is one of the key reasons that I am pushing for taxon numbers in all uploads because without them, we would have massive inconsistencies.
After getting all of the Genus and Above resolved, I hit an issue with the species.. namely the list shown below remain unresolved. A few I did a google for and found no hits. Many had incomplete names.
Bacillus polyfermenticus in NCBI is Bacillus velezensis variant polyfermenticus
Candidatus Methylacidiphilum infernorum
All Phylum, Orders, Classes, Families and Genus had matching taxon assigned. At the Species level, 6445 were identified and 21 were not. This means 99.7% of species were given taxon numbers. I expect BiomeSight.com to offer uploadable formats soon, ideally with automatic transfer from their web site.
I just got out of the hospital for cellulitis where I was treated with IV antibiotics. My discharges notes said “take antibiotics to prevent diarrhea”. I asked which ones… blank faces. No one seem to have a concrete idea. So this is a review of the literature:
“Antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) occurs in approximately 25% of patients receiving antibiotics.” 
” analyzing 25 randomized controlled trials of probiotics for the prevention of AAD … more than half of the trials demonstrated efficacy of the probiotic. ” So a random probiotic may have just a 50% chance of being effective. 
“We identified no evidence that a multistrain preparation of lactobacilli and bifidobacteria was effective in prevention of AAD or CDD. ” 
“The probiotic Symbioflor 1 is a historical concoction of 10 isolates of Enterococcus faecalis. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis revealed two groups: one comprising eight identical clones (DSM16430, DSM16432, DSM16433, DSM16435 to DSM16439) and a further two isolates (DSM16431, DSM16434) with marginally different profile” 
“A double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter study in 157 patients with chronic recurrent sinusitis investigated the occurrence of acute relapses during treatment of patients with a bacterial immunostimulant (3 x 30 drops/day), comprised of cells and autolysate of human Enterococcus faecalis bacteria (Symbioflor 1, n = 78) in comparison to placebo (n = 79)…. the occurrence of relapses (50 incidents) was about half (56%) the number observed under placebo (90 incidents)” 
“the time span until occurrence of the first relapse was clearly longer under verum[Symbioflor-1] (699 days) than under placebo (334 days) and after the end of the observation period 91% of patients under verum experienced only one relapse compared to 62% in the placebo group (p = 0.01). ” 
“Compared with the controls, probiotic intervention significantly upregulated the level of IL-10 and TGF-β, downregulated levels of IFN-γ, and increased progesterone level that reversed the trend of being Th1 predominance state ” 
“1. E. faecalis stimulates the liberation of interleukin 1 (IL-1 beta) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in a dose-dependent manner; the E. faecalis induced liberation of IL-1 beta and IL-6 is inhibited by dexamethasone (Dm) but not by cyclosporin A (CsA).” ” 2. E. faecalis stimulates the liberation of gamma-interferon (IFN-gamma) in a dose-dependent manner, which is inhibited by both Dm and CsA.” “3. Phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-induced liberation of gamma-IFN and interleukin-2 (IL-2) is inhibited by E. faecalis in a dose-dependent manner. ” 
“For instance, Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 was a poor inducer of iNOS gene expression compared to the other E. coli strains, while Enterococcus faecalis Symbioflor-1 was more potent in this respect compared to all the eleven Gram-positive strains tested. ” 
I have used this for sinus issues in the past and it has been effective in clearing them.
A reader forwarded this to me with the following comment..
My mother is a health 58 years old women a little bit over weight she started to have after 2 weeks of use: headaches and feeling very fatigued so I think she has die-off, The interesting thing that happen she has swollen lymph nodes under her arm pits for about 25 plus years, the lumps started to regress, I cannot find the microbiome condition associated with this and this strain of probiotic she started to use.
This is available from France. Link here. International availability is unknown. “Hafnia alvei is a psychrotrophic bacterium, it originates in raw milk and continues to grow in cheeses such as Camembert. abundant levels of Hafnia alvei can be found in raw milk cheese ” [Wikipedia]
“In conclusion, the present study showed that a daily provision of the H. alvei HA4597™ strain in genetically obese and hyperphagic ob/ob mice with HFD-exacerbated obesity decreased body weight gain, improved body composition, decreased food intake, and ameliorated several metabolic parameters, including plasma glucose and total cholesterol levels. “
“Finally, the low abundance of ClpB gene expressing Enterobacterales species found in the microbiota of obese subjects in the present in silico analysis may indicate insufficient anorexigenic signaling from the gut microbiota to the host, further providing the rationale for supplementation of commensal bacteria expressing the ClpB protein with an α-MSH-like motif. “